Biosalinity Awareness Project

...understanding the impact of salinization and implications for future agriculture

Global Perspective
Soil, Water & Plants
Salt-Tolerant Plants
Biosaline Agriculture
Current Research
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Books & Articles
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Books & Articles
The following is a selection of important writings on issues related to salinity, biosaline agriculture, and halophyte utilization.

Technical Papers, Books, and Articles on the Web

Abrol, I.P, J.S.P. Yadav, and F.I. Massoud (1988) “Salt-Affected Soils and Their Management” Rome: FAO Soils Bulletin 39.

Al-Attar, Mohammad (2002) “Role of Biosaline Agriculture in Managing Freshwater Shortages and Improving Water Security”. World Food Prize, October 24-25.

Apse, Maris P. and Eduardo Blumwald (2002) "Engineering Salt Tolerance in Plants". Current Opinion in Biotechnology 13: 146-150.

Australian Academy of Science (2003) “Monitoring the White Death – Soil Salinity” CRC for Landscape Environments and Mineral Exploration.

Ayers, R.S. and D.W. Westcot (1985) “Water Quality for Agriculture”.
Rome: FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 29.

Bahner, Deena (1999) “Reclamation of Salinized Soils in Arid Regions”. Restorations & Reclamation Review 5: The Reclamation of Contaminated Land and Water.

Barrett-Lennard, E.G. (2003) “The Interaction between Waterlogging and Salinity in Higher Plants: Causes, Consequences and Implications” Plant and Soil 253: 35-54.

Bauder, Jim (2000) “Dead Dirt or
Living Soil Building, Maintaining, and Sustaining Soil Quality” Proceedings of New Opportunities in Dryland Cropping Systems (Billings, Montana).

Blumwald, Eduardo (2000) “Sodium Transport and Salt Tolerance in Plants”. Current Opinion in Cell Biology 12: 431-434.

Falvey, Lindsay (2003) “Sustainability: Elusive or Illusion?” Adelaide: Institute for International Development.

Food and Agriculture Organization (1984) "Prognosis of Salinity and Alkalinity". Rome: FAO Soils Bullentin 31.

Food and Agriculture Organization (1997) The State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: FAO.

Glenn, Edward P., J. Jed Brown, and James W. O’Leary (1998) “Irrigating Crops with Seawater”. Scientific American 279: 76-81.

Glenn, Edward P., J.J. Brown, and E. Blumwald (1999) “Salt-Tolerance and Crop Potential of Halophytes”. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 18: 227-255.

Hillel, Daniel (2000) "Salinity Management for Sustainable Irrigation: Integrating Science, Environment, and Economics".  Washington, DC: The World Bank.

Khan, M.A. and N.C. Duke (2001) “Halophytes – A Resource for the Future”. Wetlands Ecology and Management 6: 455-456.

Maas, E. V. (1996) "Plant Response to Soil Salinity".  Western Australia: Productive Use and Rehabilitation of Saline Lands Conference Proceedings 385-391.

Majerus, Mark (1996) “Plant Materials for Saline-Alkaline Soils”. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service Technical Note #26.

Munns, Rana (1999) The Impact of Salinity Stress. The Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture – Coping with Plant Environmental Stress.

Munns, Rana et al (2002) “Avenues for Increasing Salt Tolerance of Crops, and the Role of Physiologically Based Selection Traits”. Plant and Soil 247: 93-105.

National Council for Agricultural Research (2000) “Bio-production and Ecosystem Development in Saline Conditions”. The Hague: NRLO Report 2000/10E.

National Research Council (1989) Lost Crops of the Incas: Little-Known Plants of the
Andes with Promise for Worldwide Cultivation. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Research Council (1990) Saline Agriculture: Salt-Tolerant Plants for Developing Countries. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Research Council (1991) Towards Sustainability: A Plan for Collaborative Research on Agriculture and Natural Resource Management.
Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Research Council (1996) Lost Crops of
Africa Volume I: Grains. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Oosterbaan, R.J. (2003) Waterlogging, Soil Salinity, Plant Growth, Subsurface Drainage, Groundwater Flow, Surface Runoff, Irrigation and Land Reclamation/Improvement (Website)

Postel, Sandra (2001) “Growing More Food with Less Water”. Scientific American February 2001.

Rhoades, J.D., A. Kandiah, and A.M. Marshali (1992) “The Use of Saline Waters for Crop Production”. Rome: FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 48.

Rhoades, J.D., F. Chanduvi, and S. Lesch (1999)
"Soil Salinity Assessment: Methods and Interpretations of Electrical Conductivity Measurements". Rome: FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 57.

Ryan, Felix A. (1995) “Innovation of Traditional and New Technology to Solve Problems Created by High Technology”. Proceedings from UNESCO/University of Tsukuba Seminar.

Schmitz, G. and G. Schutte (2000) “Plants Resistant against Abiotic Stress”. Research Center for Biotechnology, Society and the Environment, University of Hamburg.

Scianna, Joe (2002) “Salt-Affected Soils: Their Causes, Measure, and Classification” USDA Plant Materials Program, HortNote No. 5.

Shannon, Michael, C. (1997) "Adaptation of Plants to Salinity". Advances in Agronomy 60: 75-120.

Tanji, Kenneth. K. and Neeltje C. Kielen (2002) “Agricultural Drainage Water Management in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas”. Rome: FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 61.

Ulery, April L. et al (1998) “SALTDATA: A Database of Plant Yield Response to Salinity”. Agronomy Journal 90: 556-562.

Umali, Dina L. (1993) “Irrigation-Induced Salinity: A Growing Problem for Development and the Environment”. Washington, DC: World Bank Technical Paper 215.

USDA Handbook Number 60 (1954) Saline and Alkali Soils: Diagnosis and Improvement.  Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (1999) “The Soil Quality Test Kit Guide”. Washington, DC: Soil Quality Institute.

Yokoi, Shuji; Ray A. Bressan; and Paul Mike Hasegawa (2002) “Salt Stress Tolerance of Plants” JIRCAS Working Report: 25-33.

Zhu, Jian-Kang (2001) “Plant Salt Tolerance”. Trends in Plant Science 6(2):66-71.

OTHER Books and Articles

Ahmad, Rafiq and Kauser A. Malik (2002) Prospects for Saline Agriculture. Dodrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Aronson, J.A. (1989) Haloph. Tuscon: Arid Lands Information Center, University of Arizona.

Ashraf, M. (1994) “Breeding for Salinity Tolerance in Plants”. Critical Reviews in Plant Science 13: 17-42.

Barrett-Lennard, E.G. and C.V. Malcolm (2003) Saltland Pastures in
Australia: A Practical Guide, 2nd Edition.  Fyshwick, ACT: CanPrint Communications.

Barson, M., and Barrett-Lennard, E.G. (1995). “Productive Use and Rehabilitation of Australia's Saline Lands”. Australian Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 8(3): 33-37.

Boyko, Hugo (1966) Salinity and Aridity: New Approaches to Old Problems. The Hague: Junker Publications (Monographia Biologicae).

Boyko, Hugo (1967) “Salt-Water Agriculture”. Scientific American 57: 89-96.

Chapman, V.J. (1960) Salt Marshes and
Salt Deserts of the World. New York: Interscience Publishers.

Chhabra, Ranbir (1996) Soil Salinity and Water Quality. Rotterdam: Balkema Publishers.

Choukr-Allah, R., Malcolm, C.V., and Hamdy, A. eds. (1996). Halophytes and Biosaline Agriculture. New York: Marcel Dekker.

Epstein, E. (1985). “Salt-Tolerant Crops: Origins, Development, and the Prospects of the Concept”. Plant and Soil 89: 187-198.

Flowers, T.J., P.E. Troke and A.R. Yeo (1977) “The Mechanism of Salt-Tolerance in Halophytes”. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 28: 89-121.

Flowers, T.J., M.A. Hajibagheri and N.J.W. Clipson (1986) “Halophytes”. Quarterly Review of Biology 61: 313-337.

Flowers, T.J. and A.R. Yeo (1995) “Breeding for Salinity Resistance in Crop Plants – Where Next”. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 22: 875-884.

Flowers, T.J. (2004) "Improving Crop Salt-Tolerance". Journal of Experimental Botany 55 (396): 307-319.

Gallagher, J. L. (1985) "Halophytic Crops for Cultivation at Seawater Salinity". Plant and Soil 89: 323-336.

Ghassemi, F., A.J. Jakeman, and H.A. Nix (1995). Salinisation of Land and Water Resources: Human Causes, Extent, Management and Case Studies. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.

Glenn, Edward P. and J.W. O’Leary (1985) “Productivity and Irrigation Requirements of Halophytes Grown with Seawater in the
Sonoran Desert”. Journal of Arid Environments 9: 81-91.

Goodfriend, W.L., M.W. Olsen and R.J. Frye (1998) “Decomposition of Seawater-Irrigated Halophytes: Implications for Potential Carbon Storage”. Plant and Soil 202: 241-250.

Hillel, Daniel (2000) Salinity Management for Sustainable Irrigation: Integrating Science, Environment, and Economics. Washington, DC: World Bank ESSD Work in Progress.

Jaradat, A.A. (2003) “Halophytes for Sustainable Biosaline Farming Systems in the
Middle East”. in Desertification in the Third Millennium edited by A.S. Alsharhan, W.W. Wood, A.S. Goudie, A. Fowler and E. Abdellatif. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema/Swets & Zeitlinger.

Khan, M.A. and I.A. Unger eds. (1995) Biology of Salt-Tolerant Plants.
Karachi: Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Pakistan.

Lambert, M and J. Turner (2000) Commercial Forest Plantations on Saline Land. Collingwood, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

Lauchli, A. and U. Luttge eds. (2002) Salinity: Environment – Plants – Molecules.
Dodrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Lieth, Helmut and A.A. Al Masoom (1993) Towards the Rational Use of High Salinity Tolerant Plants, Volumes I and II. Dodrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Lieth, Helmut and Marina Mochtchenko (2002) Halophyte Uses in Different Climates, Volume IV: Cashcrop Halophytes for Future Halophyte Growers. Leiden: Backhuys Publishers.

Levitt, J. (1980) Responses of Plants to Environmental Stresses, Volume II. New York: Academic Press.

Maas, E.V. (1986) “Salt Tolerance of Plants”. Applied Agricultural Research 1: 12-26.

Marcar, N., and Crawford, D. (1996) “Tree-Growing Strategies for the Productive Use of
Saline Land”. Australian Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 9(3): 34-40.

Marcar, N., S. Ismail, A. Hossain and R. Ahmad eds. (1999) Trees, Shrubs and Grasses for Saltlands. Canberra: Australian Center for International Agricultural Research.

Munns, Rana and A. Termaat. (1986) “Whole-Plant Response to Salinity”. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 13” 143-160.

O’Leary, James W. (1984) “The Role of Halophytes in Irrigated Agriculture” in Richard C. Staples and Gary H. Toenniessen (eds.) Salinity Tolerance in Plant: Strategies for Crop Improvement. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Pasternak, Dov and Anthony San Pietro eds. (1986) Biosalinity in Action: Bioproduction with Saline Water.
Dodrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Pessarakli, M. ed. (1994) Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress. New York: Marcel Dekker.

Reimold, R.J. and W. H. Queen eds. (1974) Ecology of Halophytes. New York: Academic Press.

Rengasamy, Pichu, David Chittleborough and Keith Helyar (2003) Root-Zone Constraints and Plant-Based Solutions for Dryland Salinity. Plant and Soil 257: 249-260.

Richards, R.A. (1995) “Improving Crop Production on Salt-Affected Soils: by Breeding or Management?” Experimental Agriculture 31: 395-408.

Runciman, H.V., and Malcolm, C.V. (1989) “Forage Shrubs and Grasses for Revegetating Saltland”. Perth: Department of Agriculture, Bulletin No. 4153.

Schleiff, Uwe (2003) Salinity and Soil Fertility Kit Handbook: A Portable Field Kit for Soil, Water, and Plant Analysis. self-published

Shannon, M.C. (1985) “Principles and Strategies in Breeding for Higher Salt Tolerance”.  Plant and Soil 89: 227-241.

Solowey, Elaine (2003) Small Steps Towards Abundance: Crops for a More Sustainable Agriculture. USA: Biblio Books.

Somers, G. Fred ed. (1974) “Seed Bearing Halophytes as Food Plants”. Proceedings of a Conference at the University of Deleware.

Tal, M. (1985) “Genetics of Salt-Tolerance in Higher Plants: Theoretical and Practical Considerations”. Plant and Soil 89: 199-226.

Tanji, Kenneth K. ed. (1990) Agricultural Salinity Assessment and Management. New York: American Society of Civil Engineers.

Tudge,C. (1988) Food Crops for the Future. Oxford: Basil Blackwell Ltd.

Waisel, Yoav (1972) Biology of Halophytes. New York: Academic Press.


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